Shock Wave Lithotripsy
Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) is the most frequently used procedure for the treatment of kidney stones. In ESWL, shock waves that are created outside the body travel through the skin and body tissues until they hit the denser stones. The stones break down into small particles and are easily passed through the urinary tract in the urine.
Several types of ESWL devices exist. Most devices use either x rays or ultrasound to help the surgeon pinpoint the stone during treatment. For most types of ESWL procedures, anesthesia is needed.
In many cases, ESWL may be done on an outpatient basis. Recovery time is relatively short, and most people can resume normal activities in a few days.
Complications may occur with ESWL. Some patients have blood in their urine for a few days after treatment. Bruising and minor discomfort in the back or abdomen from the shock waves can occur. To reduce the risk of complications, doctors usually tell patients to avoid taking aspirin and other medicines that affect blood clotting for several weeks before treatment.
Sometimes, the shattered stone particles cause minor blockage as they pass through the urinary tract and cause discomfort. In some cases, the doctor will insert a small tube called a stent through the bladder into the ureter to help the fragments pass. Sometimes the stone is not completely shattered with one treatment, and additional treatments may be needed.
As with any interventional, surgical procedure, potential risks and complications should be discussed with the doctor before making a treatment decision.
Lithotripsy for Kidney Stones
Products and Resources – Rx
General Adult Urology
BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) Drugs
- FLOMAX – Tamsulosin
- AVODART – Dutasteride
- JALYN – Dutasteride and Tamsulosin HCI
- RAPAFLO – Silodosin
- ANDROGEL – Testosterone Gel
- AXIRON – Testosterone Topical Solution
- FORTESTA – Testosterone Gel
- TESTIM – Testosterone Gel
Minimally Invasive Technologies for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)