A urinary tract infection (UTI)  is a common health condition that occurs when bacteria spreads into the bladder or urethra.1 out of 5 women will experience a urinary tract infection at some point in their life. Women, men, older adults, and children can all be affected by UTIs.There are certain people who have a higher risk of getting UTIs. People with shorter urethras closer to the rectum, like females, for example, often experience more frequent UTIs because it is easier for bacteria to enter their urinary tract. Here are some common risk factors of UTIs.

Risk factors:

  • A previous UTI
  • Sexual activity
  • Changes in the bacteria that live inside the vagina, or vaginal flora. For example, menopause or the use of spermicides can cause these bacterial changes.
  • Pregnancy
  • Age (older adults and young children are more likely to get UTIs)
  • Structural problems in the urinary tract, such as enlarged prostate
  • Poor hygiene, for example, in children who are potty-training


Symptoms of a bladder infection can include:


  • Pain or burning while urinating
  • Frequent urination
  • Feeling the need to urinate despite having an empty bladder
  • Bloody urine
  • Pressure or cramping in the groin or lower abdomen
  • Symptoms of a kidney infection can include:
  • Fever
  • Chills
  • Lower back pain or pain in the side of your back
  • Nausea or vomiting that your child may have a UTI



  • You can help prevent UTIs by doing the following:
  • Urinate after sexual activity.
  • Stay well hydrated.
  • Take showers instead of baths.
  • Minimize douching, sprays, or powders in the genital area.
  • Teach girls when potty training to wipe front to back.

If you are unsure about whether or not you have a UTI, drink plenty of water and talk with your healthcare professional to learn more. Your doctor might prescribe antibiotics that can lessen the pain or discomfort felt during treatment. If you have any questions, call up your healthcare provider immediately. The Michigan Institute of Urology is one of the longest standing and largest sub-specialty Urology practices in the State of Michigan, we are dedicated to providing our patients the most up-to-date, state-of-the-art urologic care. Our specialists have been recruited from the most sophisticated university centers in the United States and are available at all of our 22 office locations. Our administrative staff follows strict guidelines to ensure the most cost-effective medical care is provided. Michigan Institute of Urology, P.C., is comprised of 46 General and Fellowship Trained Urologists with a complement of compassionate, caring Nurse Practitioners, Registered Nurses, Medical Assistants, and Ancillary Personnel.




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