|A penectomy to remove part or all of the penis may have to be carried out if other treatments are not appropriate or have proved ineffective. In cases of cancer of the penis the lymph nodes in the groin may also be removed. Removing lymph nodes can help prevent spread of cancerous cells in the body.
Partial removal of the penis involves removing just the tip or head of the penis. The surgeon aims to save as much of the shaft of the penis as possible. This assists with urination by allowing the stream of urine to be directed away from the body.
Total penectomy removes the entire penis. This includes the parts of the penis that extend into the pelvis. Passing urine is achieved by creating a new opening for the urethra, the tube that carries urine from the bladder.